Tiles are commonly made of ceramic, stone and vinyl. Ceramic tiles may be painted and glazed. Small mosaic tiles may be laid in various patterns. Floor tiles are typically set into mortar consisting of sand, cement and oftentimes a latex additive for extra strength. The spaces between the tiles are nowadays filled with sanded or unsanded floor grout, but traditionally mortar was used.

Natural stone tiles can be especially beautiful. However, as a natural product they are often less uniform and require more planning for use and installation. Stone tiles described as “gauged” have very uniform width and length dimensions; “ungauged” stone tiles may vary from their nominal dimensions. All tiles have suggested end-use location but do ask before you decide.